Directional drilling is a drilling technique which involves boring a well at different angles. Directional drilling refers to any type of drilling that occurs at non vertical angles, such as horizontal drilling. It can be used to obtain natural resources like gas and oil, and it can be used in circumstances when the reservoir has a unique shape or is otherwise difficult to access. Directional drilling came about for several reasons, and one of the main reasons was the fact that there are many types of oil wells that are not vertical.
It has been used since the 1920s
The method has been used since the 1920s in the gas and oil industry. The technology used for directional drilling has improved in recent years, but the fundamental concept is the same: drilling into the well at several different angles, not just vertically, in order to reach it more effectively. Directional drilling also has a lower environmental impact than other methods of drilling because it utilizes one vertical well bore. There have been several improvements in recent years that have made it more efficient and effective than ever before.
The angle of the drill bit can be controlled in real time
One of the latest innovations with directional drilling was the ability to change the angle of the drill bit in real time. This increases efficiency dramatically while decreasing operational costs. It also makes the drilling much more accurate than ever before, which also reduces environmental impact. Drilling projects are completed in a faster timeline. There have also been improvements with drilling sensors which have also improved accuracy, and some of the tools that are involved include three dimensional measuring devices, specialized drill bits, whipstocks, and many other types.
Horizontal drilling can significantly increase production
Horizontal drilling is one particular type of directional drilling that can significantly increase production. Horizontal drilling can improve production by as much as 20 times more than vertical drilling when it is performed properly. Before the arrival of downhole motors and tools that could measure the azimuth and the inclination of the hole, horizontal drilling was substantially slower than vertical drilling. There was the need to take surveys and the rate of progress of the drilling was slower in general due to the lack of modern tools. However, in recent years the tools evolved substantially and horizontal drilling projects started to be completed much faster.
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